Written byVain Rowe
Mac internal hard drive won't mount, how to fix?
Summary: This post will show you 6 solutions to fix the Mac internal hard drive not mounting issue. Also, you can learn how to recover lost data with iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac before repairing your unmounted Mac internal hard drive.
Table of Contents:
- 1. How to recover lost data from the not mounting Mac internal hard drive?
- 2. How to fix Mac internal hard drive won't mount issue?
- 3. Conclusion
Most of the time, the Mac internal hard drive, usually known as Macintosh HD, is the system drive of the Mac computer, from which your Mac start or boot up. However, it may drive you crazy if the Mac internal hard drive won't mount for some reason like:
That's because once that happens, your Mac computer may be stuck on the loading/login screen or won't be bootable at the near future. Besides, it's possible for you to suffer severe data loss if you handle it incorrectly.
Don't worry. Here is all you need to know about mounting the Macintosh HD, or mounting the Mac internal hard drive in macOS Catalina 10.15/Mojave 10.14/High Sierra 10.13 or Disk Utility.
How to recover lost data from the not mounting Mac internal hard drive?
It seems that somethings wrong with my internal boot drive. I wanted to start my Mac but the grey progress line stopped at about the half and didn't continue. I tried to boot in secured mode but not possible. I loaded recovery mode and wanted to check and repair disk utilities but I cannot hit those buttons because my drive is not mounted and cannot be mounted.
Is there another possibility to mount my drive or to access my data somehow? The thing is that I do not have a backup and that is why I need to access my data and store them somewhere prior being able to do a clean reinstall of my Mac.
Sadly, he is not the only person who suffers data loss due to an unmountable Mac internal hard drive. As mentioned above, your Mac won't turn on if the Macintosh HD isn't mounted. Moreover, any attempts to fix it may write new data which overwrites the original data on the drive. Thus, to avoid data loss, you're recommended to recover lost data from the unmountable Mac internal hard drive as the first step.
iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac is one of the best Mac data recovery software which can recover lost data from failed internal Mac hard drives, even when your Mac computer fails to boot. Moreover, the program can also recover lost data from formatted drives, recover lost data from inaccessible drives, and recover lost data from unreadable drives, and so on. It's fully compatible with macOS 12 Monterey/Big Sur 11/macOS Catalina 10.15/Mojave 10.14/High Sierra 10.13/10.12 Sierra and OS X 10.11/10.10/10.9/10.8/10.7 and works fine on M1, M1 Pro, and M1 Max Mac.
Now follow the tutorial below to recover lost data from unmounted Mac internal hard drive.
Method 1: Recover lost data from unmounted Mac internal hard drive (with Internet)
Don't worry. You can still recover lost data from the unmounted Mac internal hard drive with the help of iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac.
Note: Before you follow the steps below, you have to make sure your Mac has an Internet connection.
Step 1: Boot your Mac into macOS Recovery mode. Different Mac models require different methods to boot Mac into macOS Recovery Mode.
- For Intel-based Macs before 2018: turn on your Mac and immediately press down Command + Option + R keys at the same time, then hold them until you see a spinning globe on your screen.
- For Intel-based Macs after 2018 with T2 Security Chip: turn on your Mac and immediately press down Command + Option + Shift + R keys together, then hold them until you see a spinning globe on your screen.
- For Apple Silicon Macs: turn on your Apple Silicon Mac and immediately press the Touch ID button. Hold it until you see Loading startup options, then click Options to enter macOS Recovery Mode.
Step 2: Choose a network for your Mac. You need to make your Mac connected to the Internet all the time.
Step 3: Open Terminal from the Utilities drop-down menu.
Step 4: Run the following command. Type the following command in Terminal and press Return to launch iBoysoft Data Recovery. The admin password is needed.
sh <(curl http://boot.iboysoft.com/boot.sh)
Step 5: Search lost data from your Mac internal hard drive. When iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac is launched on your Mac in macOS Recovery Mode, you should select your not mounting Mac internal hard drive in the user interface, and click the Search for Lost Data button to start scanning for lost files on the drive.
Step 6: Wait until the scan process is completed. When the scan process is ongoing, you can either pause or stop the process, and check the scan results in real-time. For the best recovery results, waiting until the whole scan process is finished is highly recommended.
Step 7: Sort and preview files. When the scan process is over, you are allowed to sort found files from your Mac internal hard drive by different parameters if necessary. Then, select the files you want to recover, and click the Preview button to preview them.
Step 8: Recover data. Tick the checkbox of the files you want to recover, and click the Recover button. You cannot save recovered files back to the not mounting Mac internal hard drive, so connect another external storage device to your Mac, like an external hard drive, and save your files there.
You can also refer to How to run iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac in macOS Recovery mode.
Method 2: Recover lost data from unmounted Mac internal hard drive (no Internet)
If unfortunately, you fail to launch iBoysoft Data Recovery on your Mac because of an unstable or unavailable Internet connection, don't worry! There's still another method to run the program for data recovery - create a bootable drive. It is more complicated but still worth trying. Here's what you need to perform this method:
- An empty USB drive.
- A healthy PC or Mac that can connect to the Internet stably and has USB ports.
Step 1: Connect the USB drive to the healthy computer through its USB port.
Step 2: Download the two files below. Download the following two files and save them to the root directory of your USB drive. These two files will install iBoysoft Data Recovery software on the drive.
Step 3: Connect the USB drive to your malfunctioning Mac.
Step 4: Boot your Mac into macOS Recovery Mode. Follow the ways we mentioned above to boot your Mac into Recovery Mode. But for all Intel-based Macs, press Command + Option + Shift + R keys this time.
Step 5: Open Terminal from the Utilities drop-down menu at the Apple menu bar.
Step 6: Run the command below. When the Terminal is opened under the macOS Recovery Mode, run the following command one by one.
This command will list all the mounted disks/partitions on your Mac.
cd '/Volumes/Work Space'
chmod 777 ./boot.sh && ./boot.sh
The last command will launch iBoysoft Data Recovery software on your Mac.
Step 7: Recover lost data. After the iBoysoft Data Recovery is launched, you can recover lost data from the unbootable Mac computer just as above now.
iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac can also recover deleted photos, documents, audio, videos, and emails from APFS, HFS, HFS+, exFAT, and FAT32 formatted drives. Apart from internal hard drive data recovery, iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac also supports recovering data from external hard drives, USB flash drives, SD cards, memory cards, Pen drives, etc.
How to fix Mac's internal hard drive won't mount issue?
After recovering data from the unmountable Mac internal hard drive, you can now try to mount the Macintosh HD via the solutions below.
Solution 1: Restart the Mac computer
Most of the time, restarting the computer is a feasible way to solve some booting problems. So you can at first try to restart your Mac by holding down the Power button till the Mac turns off. Wait a moment and turn it on. Can the Mac internal hard drive be mounted now?
Solution 2: Repair unmountable Mac internal hard drive via First Aid
Step 1: Boot to macOS Recovery mode by restarting the Mac computer while pressing and holding down Command and R keys at startup.
Step 2: Select Disk Utility and click Continue.
Step 3: In the sidebar, select the unmountable Mac internal hard drive you wish to repair.
Step 4: Click the First Aid button.
Step 5: Click Repair Disk.
Solution 3: Run the FSCK command in Single User Mode
Step 1: Restart your Mac and, before the Apple logo appears, hold down Command and S keys. This will boot your Mac into Single User Mode.
Step 2: Type in: /sbin/fsck -fy.
Step 3: If you see "File system was modified", then re-type in the command again until you see "The volume [name] appears to be OK".
Step 4: Type in reboot to restart your Mac.
Solution 4: Try Safe Mode
Just like Single User Mode, Safe Mode is able to resolve problems that prevent your Mac from booting up.
Step 1: Shut down your Mac computer.
Step 2: Start the Mac up while holding down Shift. Release the Shift key when you see the login window.
Step 3: If your Mac boots into Safe Mode properly, then try restarting and booting as normal.
Solution 5: Erase the unmountable Mac internal hard drive and reinstall macOS
If you still can't mount the internal hard drive on your Mac, there might be serious directory structure or file system corruption in the disk. In this case, your last chance is to reset the Mac so as to make the Mac computer work again. However, this process will erase the Mac hard drive and reinstall macOS, which is destructive to the data on the drive. Thus, make sure you have recovered data with iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac.
Step 1: Boot your Mac into macOS Recovery mode.
Step 2: Go to Disk Utility and erase the unmountable Mac internal hard drive.
Step 3: Go back to macOS Utilities screen and select Reinstall macOS. Then, follow the onscreen wizard to reinstall the OS.
Solution 6: Look for help from a local data recovery company
If your Mac internal hard drive still can't be fixed through the solutions above, the drive might have hardware problems. You'd better send it to a local data recovery company.
The Mac computer, such as MacBook Pro/Air, boots from the internal hard drive and allows you to access data. However, it's very common that the hard drive won't work normally. Once it happens, don't delay recovering lost data from that unmountable internal hard drive. After recovering data with Mac data recovery software, like iBoysoft Data Recovery for Mac, you can troubleshoot the error without worrying about data loss.