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How to Convert RAW to FAT32 Without Losing Data

Updated on Friday, July 1, 2022

iBoysoft author Amanda Wong

Written by

Amanda Wong
Professional tech editor

Approved by

Jessica Shee

How to Convert RAW to FAT32 Without Losing Data

Summary: This post elaborates on how to convert RAW to FAT32 without losing data. After reading, you will learn 4 ways to convert RAW to FAT32 and make the RAW drive accessible again.

convert Raw to Fat32

Unexpectedly, your USB drive is not accessible on Windows 10, and it is shown as RAW in Disk Management. To access the drive again, you need to convert RAW to FAT32 or convert RAW to NTFS to fix this problem. Read on to know more.

Table of Contents:

A feasible way to fix RAW file system-convert RAW to FAT32

RAW file system indicates that there is no or unknown file system on your hard drive. The file system of the drive may be missing or damaged, the RAW drive may have not been formatted with a file system(factory state), or the current file system of the storage medium is not recognized by the computer.

A RAW drive can occur on both brand-new drives and drives in use. For the latter, it is usually caused by a virus attack, sudden power failure, bad sectors on the drive, and misoperations such as reformatting and repartitioning.

Unlike other file systems such as FAT32, exFAT, and NTFS, the RAW file system can not be used to store files. It makes the drive inaccessible as well as all the stored data inside a raw USB flash drive, RAW SD card, or raw external hard drive. To make the drive useable again, you can format the RAW drive to FAT32. FAT32 is widely used for multiple storage media, and it is compatible with Windows and macOS.

Rescue data before converting RAW to FAT32

Hold on! Don't rush to convert RAW to FAT32, you may lose all your data! Since a RAW drive is not accessible, it also disenables you to open and access all the stored files on the drive, including documents, photos, videos, etc. Therefore, you need to rescue data before converting the RAW file system to FAT32 to avoid data loss.

As long as your RAW drive doesn't have hardware problems, you can perform data recovery by using iBoysoft Data Recovery for Windows, a professional RAW file system data recovery software. Besides, it can recover deleted filesrecover deleted photos, etc. from a USB flash drive, SSD, sd card, and so forth. Here's how:

1. Download & install iBoysoft Data Recovery on the PC, and then connect the RAW drive to the PC.

2. Launch iBoysoft Data Recovery, and select the RAW Drive Recovery module.

 select a recovery module

3. Select the RAW drive and click Next to search for all lost files on the RAW drive.

 scan data

4. Preview the searching results, choose those you want, and click the Recover button to get them back.

5. Check to ensure you have recovered all lost data.

4 Ways to convert RAW to FAT32

After recovering the stored data on the RAW drive, it's time to learn how to convert RAW to FAT32 to make your hard drive accessible and useable again. There are 4 methods to convert RWA to FAT32, including using Windows File Explorer, CMD, Disk Management, and third-party file system converters. Let's dive into the details.

Convert RAW to FAT32 with Windows File Explorer

All the connected internal and external hard drives are displayed in Windows File Explorer. It gives you access to all your storage media and allows you to perform some quick tasks. Here, you can format the RAW drive as long as it is visible in Windows File Explorer.

1. Open Windows File Explorer, locate and right-click on the target hard drive, then select Format.

2. Follow the guide to rename the hard drive, and reset its file system to FAT32.

3. Click Start to begin the formatting.

Convert RAW to FAT32 using CMD

The diskpart command interpreter helps you manage your computer's drives. It interacts with the user through a command-line interface. You can also convert RAW file system to FAT32 using cmd if the USB flash drive not showing up in File Explorer.

But if you use the convert command, you will find the cmd won't work as expected. You usually will get the error message saying Convert is not available for RAW drives, given that the "convert" syntax only works from FAT32 to NTFS file system. Therefore, you should use the "format" syntax to convert RAW to FAT32 in Diskpart cmd.

1. Go to the start menu, and type in cmd in a search bar.

2. Right-click cmd.exe and choose Run as Administrator.

3. Type diskpart and hit Enter.

4. Type the following commands and hit Enter each time:

list volume.

select volume X (Replace X with your RAW device.)

format fs=fat32 quick

 format Raw to Fat32 with CMD

5. Enter exit to and restart your computer.

Convert RAW to FAT32 in Disk Management

The Disk Management is a Windows built-in utility. It enables you to perform advanced storage tasks such as initializing external hard drive, extending a volume into unallocated space on the drive, formatting the drive, changing a drive letter or assigning a new drive letter, etc. Here, we are going to learn how to format RAW drive to FAT32 in Disk Management.

1. Right-click on This PC, and select Manage > Disk Management.

2. Locate the RAW drive, right-click it and choose Format.

3. Name the drive, choose FAT32 as the file system, and specify the allocation unit size.

4. Click OK to start the formatting.

5. Close Disk Management when the process completes.

 format drive in Disk Management

Convert RAW to FAT32 via third-party tools

In addition to the free utilities that come with Windows OS, you can also use third-party software to convert RAW USB drive to FAT32. There are quite a few disk management software. Most of them have a simple interface and are easy to use. They usually allow you to create, resize, delete, format, move a partition, etc. You can compare their features and choose the one you prefer. Usually, you need to pay for it.


If you find your hard drive is RAW, you need to convert the file system to FAT32 or others so that you can access the drive again. But formatting will erase all the data on it, therefore, to avoid data loss, it is recommended to recover data from the RAW drive with iBoysoft Data Recovery for Windows in the first place. After that, you can use the built-in utilities in Windows OS or third-party tools to convert RAW to FAT32.