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How to Recover Data From Corrupted Windows 10 OS?

Updated on Friday, June 14, 2024

iBoysoft author Anna Yuan

Written by

Anna Yuan
Professional tech editor

Approved by

Jessica Shee


Summary: It mainly talks about how to recover data from corrupted Windows 10 OS with iBoysoft Data Recovery software. Also, it tells why and how Windows 10 OS gets corrupted and the ways to fix a corrupted Windows OS.

How to Recover Data From Corrupted Windows 10

No matter whether your computer is running Windows 11 or Windows 10/8/7, Windows OS crash is a very common issue in your daily life. You may be worried about data loss once Windows corruption happens to your PC. Fortunately, there is a way to recover files from corrupted Windows 10. Besides, you will get to know how to fix the crashed Windows 10 in this post.

Multiple Methods to Recover Files from Corrupted Windows 10Success RateDifficulty Level
Recover files from corrupted Windows 10 with iBoysoft Data RecoveryHighEasy
Fix corrupted Windows OS by System File Checker ScanLowMedium
Repair crashed Windows OS by DISMLowMedium
Fix corrupted Windows 10 by System RestoreMediumMedium

How do you know your Windows OS is corrupted

You may encounter that your Windows PC or software on your PC stops functioning properly sometimes. When it happens accompanied by any of the below-mentioned symptoms, then it means your OS is probably corrupted:

  • black screen of death shows up.
  • The laptop suddenly crashes or freezes randomly.
  • Your system is stuck at loading applications or opening files and folders.

These are the most common symptoms of a corrupted Windows OS. If you realize that your computer is running a corrupted OS, you should give it a repair to make Windows function well. However, before start repairing, the most important thing is to recover data from corrupted Windows 11/10/8/7 because any further repairing solutions may cause permanent data loss on it.

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Best data recovery software to recover files from corrupted Windows 10

Best Files Recovery Software - iBoysoft Data Recovery

  • Recover deleted files after emptying Recycle Bin
  • Recover formatted files from sd card, HDD, SSD, and USB flash drive
  • Restore lost Word, Excel, photos, videos, emails, etc. from corrupted disk
  • Restore missing files from BitLocker encrypted hard drives
  • Work on Windows 11/10/8/7/vista/XP and Windows servers

 Read-only & risk-free


How to recover files from corrupted Windows 10? Simply do the following:

Step 1: Free download, install, and Launch iBoysoft Data Recovery. To avoid data overwriting on your system drive, it is highly recommended that you download this file recovery software in a different volume. The installation package is quite small and only takes a little time to install on your Windows PC. After the installation finishes, launch this app.

Step 2: Select a recovery module from three recovery modules according to your data loss scenarios:

  • Data Recovery:  recover lost/missing/disappearing data from a corrupted or formatted storage device or recover deleted data from a non-BitLocker encrypted hard drive.
  • Raw Drive Recovery: Recover data from a RAW drive and convert RAW to NTFS/FAT32.
  • BitLocker Recovery: Recover lost data from a BitLocker-encrypted hard drive.

how to recover deleted files on Windows

Step 3: Select the system drive and click Next to start scanning. You can use Deep scan for lost file recovery. If you just want to find and recover some deleted files, you can use Quick scan mode. 

how to recover deleted files on Windows 10

Step 4: Filter the scanning results and preview recoverable files. The preview function helps you find the correct files you want to recover when they have multiple similar versions.

Step 5: Recover data from corrupted Windows 10. Select the checkbox in front of the files you want to retrieve and click the Recover button. You will be asked to select a location to save the recovered files. You should not save the recoverable files to the system drive or partition as any changes on the original drive might cause corrupt files and permanent data loss.

how to recover deleted files on PC

Before you quit the iBoysoft file recovery software, make sure you have recovered all your important files.

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Why Windows OS gets corrupted and how to fix

Generally speaking, there are a lot of possible reasons for a corrupted OS in Windows:

  • Corrupted system files. It contains the central database of the operating system and stores information required to start a computer. Thus, if it is corrupted, your Windows system will be crashed.  
  • Malware or virus attack. Malware or virus will automatically delete data or install drivers, and then crash all of a sudden while using the computer.
  • Poor motherboard. A corrupted motherboard may result in a blue or black screen of death and further cause a Fatal Exception error which means that the data you saved in memory cannot be restored.
  • Hardware problems like overheating. Computer components are really sensitive, if your computer keeps overheating, then the overheating may cause corrupt your Windows OS 10.

Now, you may already know the main cause of the corrupted Windows 10 OS in your case, so how to fix a corrupted Windows OS 10 after having recovered data from it? Please keep reading below to get all the methods.

Method 1: Fix corrupted Windows OS by System File Checker Scan (Sfc) 

System File Checker, a useful utility in Windows, can scan for corruptions in Windows system files and restore corrupted files. Here's how to use the System System File Checker tool to scan system files and perform a repair.

  1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.
  2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".
  3. Type the following command into the Command Prompt window and press "Enter" to run a full system scan.sfc /scannow run SFC to fix corrupted Windows 10 

Method 2: Repair crashed Windows OS by DISM

If the system file checker does not work, you can try DISM to fix the corrupted Windows OS problems. DISM stands for Deployment Image Servicing & Management, and it's used to fix any corruption problems that SFC cannot.

1. Right-click the Windows icon present on the taskbar and click on Command Prompt (Admin) or Windows PowerShell (Admin).

2. Type the following command and hit the Enter key to execute.DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth

run DISM to fix corrupted Windows 10

3. Wait patiently since the repair process can take 10 minutes or more, After the DISM tool finishes repair, restart your PC.

Method 3: Fix corrupted Windows 10 by System Restore

Microsoft's Windows operating system offers a powerful tool known as System Restore, which keeps track of critical system files. Thus, if your system files get corrupted and your Windows OS crashed, you can use the below steps to restore your operating system:

  1. In the Windows search bar, type "Create a restore point" and click on the search results.
  2. Go to the System Protection tab in the System Properties window.
  3. Select System Restore and click Next.
  4. Select the restore point you wish to return to, click Next one more time, and then click Finish.
    run System Restore to fix corrupted Windows 10
  5. Choose Yes in the warning prompt, and the restore process will begin.

Finally, your Windows computer will reboot once, and the corrupted Windows OS should be fixed.

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