Fix 'Corrupt master file table, Windows cannot recover master file table, CHKDSK aborted' error

Posted by Katrina to Data Recovery on Febuary 21st, 2019

Summary: Are you received "Corrupt master file table, Windows cannot recover master file table, CHKDSK aborted" error in Windows 10/8/7/10? This article will explain why this error occurs, how to repair corrupt master table and recover data under this circumstance.

The article contains the following parts:
Part 1: Symptom of the error
Part 2: What is mater table and why does it become corrupt?
Part 3: How to fix “Corrupt master file table, Windows cannot recover master file table, CHKDSK aborted” error?
Part 4: Conclusion

Part 1: Symptom of the error

I have a 1TB Seagate external HDD which was used to save all my family photos and videos. It was bought years ago and works well on both PC and laptop. But this morning when I use on the computer at office, I get the error “You need to format the disk in drive G: before you can use it. Do you want to format it”. I tried disk check in Command Prompt but failed with error "Corrupt master file table, Windows cannot recover master file table, CHKDSK aborted". I do not want to format that drive, as I can't lose files stored on it. Can anyone suggest a solution to fix corrupt master file table?

When you access a corrupted NTFS partition, you may receive error message such as "The parameter is incorrect", "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable","The disk in drive is not formatted". In this situation, you may try to run chkdsk to check for errors as suggested. But the chkdsk does not work on all such situations. If it fails, some error messages will pop out, the most common error is "Corrupt master file table, Windows cannot recover master file table, CHKDSK aborted".

Recover data when the master file table is corrupt

Part 2: What is master file table (MFT) and why does it get corrupt?

The master file table, the short from MFT, is an important portion of NTFS that records all information of files on a particular drive, including names, size, date and contents and more. If there is something wrong with the MFT file, all your hard drive files in the will be inaccessible, your bootable hard drive even unable to boot up.

There are various reasons accounting for this issue. In general, the corrupt master file table is caused by system crash, virus or malware damage, application malfunction, improper removal, bad sector, etc.

Part 3: How to fix “Corrupt master file table, Windows cannot recover master file table, CHKDSK aborted” error?

There are several solutions you can try to repair corrupt master file table when Windows cannot recover it.

Solution 1: Defrag the drive

In some cases, too many fragmentations will lead to such a frustrating error. Fortunately, you can try defragging the drive to eliminate the error. To do this, you need to open the "Computer", then right click on the corrupt drive and choose "Properties". In the popup dialog box, shift to “Tools” tab and hit "Optimize" button. Later follow onscreen wizard to complete defragmentation.

Solution 2: Reinstall the drive

Sometimes, the error message will pop out after installing a new application. So you can try reinstalling the drive partition to fix this error. But if the failed drive is a system drive, please don't do this.

To start with, open "Start Menu", right click "Computer" and select "Manage". Next, in "Computer Management" window, click "Device Manager". Subsequently, unfold disk drives/. After that, locate and right click on the damaged drive and choose "Uninstall"> "OK". Next, hit "Scan for hardware changes" from the dropdown list of "Action". Finally, restart your computer.

Solution 3: Run chkdsk to rtepair the disk

You can also use chkdsk to scan the hard dirve for errors and repair them.

Step 1: Click "Start", "Programs" and open "Accessories".

Step 2: Right-click "Command Prompt" and select "Run as Administrator".

Step 3: Type "chkdsk x: /r" and press "Enter", replacing "x" with the letter of the drive containing the corrupt master file table.

Step 4: When it completes, type "exit". Finally, restart your PC to see if error is gone.

Solution 4: Reformat the drive

If the previous solutions don't work, you have to reformat the drive to fix the corrupt master file table. But before that, you need to back up important data. If you don't have such backups, you can firstly use a professional data recovery tool to get back data, such as iBoysoft Data Recovery.

Step 1: Recover data when the master file table is corrupt

iBoysoft Data Recovery is a free data recovery software that can recover data from corrupt master file table drive. With advanced and powerful algorithms, this tool will build the file directory and find all lost data back. It supports recovering 300+ file formats like documents, pictures, music files, videos, emails, etc. and mainstream storage devices including hard drives, external hard drives, USB flash drives, SD cards, CF cards, etc.

Other than that, iBoysoft Data Recovery also recover deleted files, recover data from RAW drives, recover data from formatted drives, recover data from inaccessible, corrupted, damaged, failed, crashed partitions in Windows 10/8/7/Vista/XP and Windows Server 2012/2008/2003.

3 simple steps to recover data when the master file table is corrupt

1. Download and install iBoysoft Data Recovery.

2. Launch iBoysoft Data Recovery and choose the drive whose master file table is corrupt and click "Next".

3. Select files you want and click "Recover".

Recover data when the master file table is corrupt

Step 2: Reformat the corrupt drive

After getting lost data back, you can reformat the drive to make it usable again.

1. Go to My Computer (or This PC) or Disk Management,

2. Right click on the drive whose master file table is corrupted and select "Format" from right-click menu.

3. Set information about format and click Start, the format operation will be completed in several minutes.

Solution 5: Replace the drive

If you find the above 3 solutions cannot help you to remove the “Corrupt master file table, Windows cannot recover master file table, CHKDSK aborted” error, chances are the drive is damaged seriously. In this case, you have no choice but to replace the old drive with a new one.

Conclusion

The post focuses on how to fix "corrupt master file table Windows cannot recover master file table from disk" error. After trying thses solutions above, you may fix this issue successfully. If you have any question or suggestion, please inform us via email.

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